Sentence structure with examples



Sentence structure with examples

Sentence structure with examples 


A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense.

Every group of words is not a sentence.

The words must be arranged properly to make sense. The difference in the arrangement of words may make a sentence meaningless, or change its meaning

1. Horse grass eats only (Meaningless -no


2. Horse eats only grass. (only grass and nothing else).

3 Only a horse eats grass. (only horse and no other animal).

The following hints will help you in constructing correct sentences.

I. Assertive Sentences:

1. The subject usually comes before the verb:

  • The Baby eats quickly.
  • The train came late.
  • The boy plays well.
  • Mr. Adam went to the bank.
  • They go to school.

2. The object usually comes after the verb:

  • The boy loved flowers.
  • My brother read novels.
  • She went to the store.
  • We are sitting on the couch.
  • I think about my life.

3. If a sentence has a Direct Object and an 

Indirect Object, the indirect Object usually comes first:

  • Give me your pen.
  • My mother told me a story.
  • Peter bought me a bicycle.
  • My friend gave me a wonderful gift.
  • He broke the glass.

4. The Adjective generally comes before the noun it qualifies:

  • The fast train comes in the morning.
  • He is a lazy boy in his class.
  • She is the most beautiful girl.
  • My younger brother is a driver.
  • It was a rainy day when we met.

5. But when an Adjective is used predicatively, it comes after the noun

  • Zach is honest.
  • Sarah is intelligent.
  • My uncle is brave.
  • These flowers are so pretty.
  • My shirt is yellow.

6. The Adjectival Phrase, comes immediately after the noun:

  • The students of our school went on a picnic.
  • His father is a man of courage.
  • One of my colleagues told me a book about comics.
  • The girl next to me in the picture is my sister.
  • He wore a red shirt and black trousers during his birthday party.

7. The Adverb is generally placed close to the word it modifies:

  • Nancy always comes late. (modifying “comes”)
  • They arrived early for the meeting. (Modifying “arrived”)
  • She will go early in the morning. (Modifying “go”
  • Our newspaper comes daily. (Modifying “come”)
  • He never tells a lie. (Modifying  “tells”)

8. All qualifying clauses are placed as close as possible to the words they qualify:

  • The boys who do not work hard, often fail.
  • He went to the school where he was educated.
  • He is the best singer in his group.
  • My mother went to the hospital which is near to our house.

Note: The normal order of words in a sentence is sometimes changed for the sake of emphasis.

  • The money I have none ( object coming first)
  • Blessed are the merciful. ( object coming
  • first).
  • Farid dear, why did not you write
  • to me. (Adjective after the noun)

II. Interrogative Sentences:

The rules given above are generally applicable to Interrogative sentences as

well. But in an Interrogative Sentence, the verb, Auxiliary Verb, or the Question

word is placed first :

  • Are you happy?
  • Was she doing her work well?
  • Who will come with me?
  • Did you go to the studio?
  • Have you ever been to England?

III. The Imperative Sentences:

The subject of an Imperative Sentence is often suppressed but it is understood to be there:

  • Do not shout. (i.e.., you do not shout)
  • Give me your torch, (i.e., you give me your torch)
  • Have breakfast quickly. (i.e., you have your breakfast quickly)
  • Close the door. (i.e., you must go to close the door)
  • Come here. (i.e., you come here)

IV. Exclamatory Sentences:

The Interjection comes first in an Exclamatory Sentence: the rest of the sentence has a structure just like

that of an Assertive Sentence:

  • Alas! We have lost a noble soul.
  • Ouch! That hurts me.
  • Hurrah! We passed the exam.
  • Alas! Our leader is dead.
  • Bravo! You have done your work well.

Note : 

But when ‘Who or How are used for exclamation, the Adjectives or Adverbs they modify, follow them.

Study carefully :

  • What a pretty face she has!
  • How happy we were!
  • How brave boy did it!
  • What a great deal it is!
  • What a beautiful place I have ever seen!

V. Optative Sentences :

In the case of an Optative Sentence the words

“may” or ‘would’ are added before the sentences. Study carefully :

  • May you win this match!
  • May you get the victory!
  • May God bless us all.
  • Would that I were the king of any nation.
  • Would that I were a bird!
  • May all your desires come true.

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