Irregular forms of verb
Irregular forms of verb
In English there are three Principal Forms of a verb:
  • The Present Tense
  • The Past Tense 
  • The Past Participle
Any verb that does not form its Past and Past Participle by adding ed (or d) to the Present is called an irregular verb.
The Present,
Past, and
Past Participle are also called the
the Second, and
the Third Form of a verb.
Below is given a list of verbs in the three forms of the tense.
1st form 2nd form 3rd form
Present Past Past Participle
abide abode abode
allot allotted allotted
am/are was been
arise arose arisen
awake awoke/
bear bore borne
begin began begun
behold beheld beheld
become became become
beget begot begotten
beat beat beaten
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid bid
bid bade bidden
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
be was/were been
befall befell befallen
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burnt burned /burnt
can could could
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
clothe clothed /clad clothed/ clad
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
cost cost cost
dare dared dared
deal dealt dealt
dig dug ​dug
do did done
dream dreamed/
dreamed /dreamt
dwell dwelt dwelt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
draw drew drawn
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
flee fled fled
feel felt felt
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
freeze froze frozen
fight fought fought
find found found
fling flung flung
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
grind ground ground
hang hung hung
hide hid had
hit hit hidden
hold held hit
has/have had held
hear heard heard
hurt hurt hurt
input input input
interweave interwove interwoven
keep kept kept
know knew known.
leave left left
lend lent lent
lie lay lain
lie lied lied
light lit lit
lose lost lost
lay laid laid
Let let let
lead led led
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
put put put
pay ​paid paid
quit quit quit
ride rode ridden
run ran runt
read read read
rise rose risen
ring rang rung
see saw seen
say said said
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
shake shook shaken
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spin Spun spun
spit spit/spat spit/spat
split split split
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
strike struck struck/striken.
strive strove striven
swear swore. sworn
swim swam swum
sew sewed sewn
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
slide slid slid
spend spent spent
spread spread spread
sit sat sat
sweat sweat sweat
set set set
stick stuck stuck
sweep swept swept
swing swung swung
smell smelt smelt
spell spelt spelt
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
understand understood understood
wake woke/waked waken
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
weep wept wept
win won won
write wrote written
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
wind wound wound
wring wrung wrung